Bulgaria, the capital of rosa damascene oil production. Due to its favorable weather conditions, Bulgaria is famous for the top quality and most aromatic rose oil that is produced there. Called “the queens of flowers”, roses grow on bushes that live up to 30 years and reach up to 2 meters in height. Their cultivation requires a lot of hard work and dedication. “Approximately 1,500,000 rose blossoms are necessary to make one kilogram of Bulgarian Rose Oil,” says Krachmarov. “. Distillation of rose oil in Bulgaria began as early as 1680, with certain operations placing their vessels directly upon the rose fields to allow for rapid extraction. The oil was referred to as the “liquid gold of Bulgaria. From the end of May to mid-Jun, fifteen thousand pickers work at the majestic rose fields at the break of dawn. Collection begins at sunrise when the oil yield is at its’ highest and is completed within hours, before the dew evaporates from the flower. The Bulgarian Rose oil is known for its aphrodisiac, antidepressant, antiseptic, antispasmodic and astringent/firming actions. The oil creates a feeling of calm and well-being. It is also an antidepressant, antiseptic, antiviral, sedative, tonic and an appetite regulator.